Terpenes are aromatic compounds produced in plants that are responsible for aromas and flavor. In cannabis, the main hypothesis is that the dominant terpenes and the cannabinoid content are what produce the differing effects for various strains. The entourage effect takes place where the terpenes and the effects of the cannabinoids are heightened because of each other.
Limonene- It has a strong citrus smell and is very prevalent in cannabis. It can potentially be beneficial as an anti-inflammatory, antifungal, pain relief, nausea relief, and antidepressant.
Myrcene- It has a green musky smell that is also found in thyme, mango, and hops. It can potentially be beneficial as an anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, sleep aid, and muscle relaxer.
Pinene- It has a strong pine smell and is the most commonly occurring terpene. It can potentially be beneficial as an anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, anti-anxiety, pain relief, relaxation, and may reduce the spread of bacteria.
Linalool- It has a strong lavender and floral aroma. It can potentially be beneficial as immune system support, anti-anxiety, anti-depressant, pain relief, and anti-convulsive.